I thought I have to make this as I come from the Philippines and still consider it as my home even thought I reside now in Europe for 10 long years. I've made a lot of photos about the Philippines food and related sceneries and will be adding them as much as I can: I am hoping that a visitor of my food glossary will make one understand what is Filipino and the Cuisine of the Philippines.
LIST OF THE PHILIPPINES COOKING METHODS and RELATED TERMS IN FILIPINO (TAGALOG DIALECT)
Herewith is a list of Filipino (Tagalog) words of the cooking methods used in the Philippines to better understand how we as Filipinos prepare our dishes.
All words in brackets are in Filipino (Tagalog language) translations.
Adobo/Inadobo − cooked in vinegar (Suka), oil (Mantika), garlic (Bawang) and soy sauce (Toyo), as in Adobong Baboy. Vegetables can also be cooked in vinegar, such as Talong , Sitaw (Adobong Sitaw or Inadobong Sitaw).
Ginisa/Gisado also spelled Guinisa/Guisado - when sauteed (Gisa) with thinly sliced garlic (Bawang), chopped onions (Sibuyas) and/or tomatoes (Kamatis) , and/or ginger (Luya). Many Filipino housewives press the garlic first before cutting in thin slices
Nilaga/Linaga/Laga/Palaga − boiled/braised. Examples are Nilagang Baboy or Nilagang Mani (Boiled Peanuts)
Paksiw/Pinaksiw - when it is cooked with Vinegar (Suka in Filipino). Example is Paksiw or Pinaksiw na Bangus (Vinegared Milkfish)
Ginataan/Ginatan also spelled Guinataan/Guinatan and also called „sa Gata” - when food is cooked with coconut milk (Gata in Filipino).
Sinigang/Sigang – when boiled with souring agents or in a sour broth, usually with a tamarind base. Other common souring agents used include Tomatoes, Kamias , Guava, raw mangoes, Santol, Calamansi (juice) also known as Calamondin in other parts of the country.
Inihaw/Ihaw − anything that is grilled over coals, usually in charcoals (Uling). This is the Philippines version of the Barbecue, as in Inihaw na Baboy (Grilled Pork), Inihaw na Isda (Grilled Fish), etc.
Pinirito/Pinrito/Prito - when fried or deep fried in hot or boiling cooking oil (. As in Pritong Galunggong, Pritong Isda
Torta/Tinorta/Patorta– to cook with scrambled eggs (Binating Itlog) , that is similar to an omelette. Example of this is Tortang Talong. My mom's favorite recipe is the Tortang Patatas, the very simple dish made by my mom which we bring for lunch at school made mainly from scrambled eggs and diced Poatoes (Patatas)
Relleno/Relyeno – stuffed/filled, as in Relyenong/Rellenong Bangus and Relyenong/Rellenong Talong
Daing/Dinaing/Padaing − marinated with garlic, vinegar, and finely ground black peppers and salt . Sometimes dried and usually fried before eating. There are Daing which are not marinated at all. The fish are clean and butterflied then dried under the sun
Pangat/Pinangat” − boiled in salted water with souring agents , such as tomatoes or Kamias.
Tinapa/Tapa/Tinaphan – dried and smoked. Tapa (dried meat) refers to meat treated in this manner, mostly marinated and then dried and fried afterwards. Tinapa/Tinaphan is almost exclusively a used term for smoked fish. My mom used to make Tapang Baka, thinly sliced tender meat of beef which she marinated first in vinagar and garlic, then fried afterwards, the best.
Sarciado/Sarsiado – cooked with a thick sauce, usually made from chopped onions and tomatoes (tomato sauce in can can also be used) and thinly sliced garlic or ginger . Sarsa is the Filipino (Tagalog) word for Sauce. Sarciadong Isda is one of the best dishes my European friends love the most. Unfortunately, I used fresh filleted fish, such as Cod and Pangasius
Binagoongan/sa Bagoong − cooked with fermented Shrimp paste (Bagoong Alamang) also called Guinamos/Ginamos in some parts of the country, particularly the Visayas Region
Babad/Binabad/Ibinabad − to marinate. Some housewives marinate pork before grilling (Ihaw) or marinate milkfish (Daing) before frying. Often the marinate consist of garlic, vinegar and soy sauce or Calamansi juice instead of Vinegar
Banli/Binanlian/Pabanli − means „ to blanch“. Usually, we used this to make salads from fresh young/tender leaves of Sayote, Sweet Potatoes (Kamote Tops) and Ampalaya leaves (Bitter Gourd leaves). Some fresh noodles can also be blanch by soaking in boiling water to make Sopas (Soup)
Sopas– anything that is made into a soup. Sopas na Manok is the best example
Binalot – literally translated as “wrapped.” Generally refers to dishes wrapped in banana leaves, pandan leaves, or even aluminum foil. The wrapper is generally inedible which is in contrast to Lumpia which is always wrapped in edible rice or flour wrapper.
Buro/Binuro refers to anything that is fermented. Burong Mangga is an example which is made from mangoes pickled in salt. Another example is Burong Talangka refers to fermented river crabs.
Halabos/Hinalabos” – mostly for shellfish. Seafood/shellfish which are steamed in their own juices and sometimes carbonated soda, often 7-Up or Sprite. Best example of this is the Halabos na Hipon. Means scalded or half cooked in water
Hinurno – baked in an oven or roasted.
Sinaing refers to boiled/steamed/braised . Usually refers to Sinaing na Bigas (Boiled/Steamed rice), but can also refers to steamiedbraisied fish, as in Sinaing na Tulingan (braised bullet tuna) which is popular in some Tagalog Regions of the country like Laguna.
Kinilaw/Kilawin− raw fish or seafood marinated in vinegar or calamansi juice along with garlic, onions, ginger, tomato, peppers. Kinilaw na Isda, Kinilaw na Hipon is the best Kinilaw I have ever tasted in Iloilo
Nilasing − cooked with an alcoholic beverage , usually with beer. Best example is the Nilasing na Hipon made from freshly caught shrimps cooked with beer.
Lechon/Litson/Nilechon − roasted on a spit (whole pig skewered in a bamboo and slowly cooked over flaming charcoals). Lechon used to refer to whole roasted pig , but nowadays there are also Lechong Manok made of cleaned whole chicken cooked in a roaster or over charcoal.
Lumpia – savory food wrapped with an edible wrapper.
Minatamis/Matamis− sweetened. Matamis na Bao is a local spread made from brown sugar and Coconut Milk (Gata) . Minatamis na Saging (sweetened Saba) is another example
Pinakbet/Pakbet − to cook with assorted vegetables , usually with Sitaw (stringyardlong beans), Squash/Pumpkin (Kalabasa), Eggplant (Talong/Aubergine), and Bitter Melon/Gourd (Ampalaya) among others and Fermented fish (Bagoong Isda).
Palaman/Pinalaman − “filled” as in siopao, though “palaman” also refers to the filling in or a spread for a sandwich. Peanut Butter is a favorite in the Philippines
Pinakuluan – boiled.
Sinangag - almost always associated with left-over rice fried with pressed garlic and salt in little amount of oil. Sinangag refers also called garlic fried rice. Can also refer to Sinangag na Hipon (dried small shrimps cooked with garlic)
Binati/Binate– scrambled, as in Binating Itlog or scrambled egg.
Giniling - is Minced or Ground in English. Anything that is grinded or minced in called Giniling, as in Giniling na Baboy (Ground Pork) or Giniling na Malagkit (Ground Glutinous Rice)
Sinampalukan – when something is cooked in or with young Tamarind leaves and green Tamarind fruits
Tinosta/Tostado – anything that is toasted.
Turon/Turrones – wrapped with an edible wrapper, as in Turon made from Saging na Saba (Plantain). Turrones is dessert counterpart, an example is Turrones de Mani (sweetened peanuts)
Hilaw means unripe. There are certain fruits in the Philippines which are eaten as „Hilaw“ , like Mangoes (Mangga), Papaya and Jackfruit (Langka) . Means green, raw, unripe or undercooked (example is an undercooked rice) . These 3 fruits can also be eaten as Hinog and Manibalang
Hinog – when fruit is already „ripe“ or „mature“. Examples are also Mangoes, Papaya and Jackfruit and many other fruits which can be eaten as is and sweet.
Manibalang – when the fruit is in the stage where it is between unripe and ripe/mature. That is „almost ripe/nearly ripe“. Papaya and Mangoes which are Manibalang are good for making savory salads
Sariwa – fresh (for fruits and vegetables), raw (for meats). Also used for uncooked food in general, like the Lumpiang Sariwa where the rolls is not fried, but can also be fried as in Pritong Lumpia/Lumpiang Toge. Means unripe or raw
Bilasa – when food, such as fish, seafood, seashell and meat are no longer fresh (Sariwa). It means food are no longer fresh, spoiled, stale or rotten
Bubot – means fruits which are still immature or unripe and is not ready to be picked from the tree and eaten
Papaitan/Pinapaitan – when innards (Laman-Loob) and tripe (Goto) of goat or ox/cow is cooked in their bile as flavoring which is bitter in taste (Mapait), hence it is called Pinapaitan or Papaitan
Tinola – anything cooked very simple with ginger (Luya) and onions (Sibuyas) and always with the leaves of the Bird's eye chili peppers (Dahon ng Sili) or Moringa/ Horseradish Leaves (Dahon ng Malunggay), as in Tinolang Tulya (gingered-based soup of Clams). The most well-known Tinola dish , however is Tinolang Manok (gingered-based soup of Chicken meat)
Tuyo – can refer to fresh whole fish properly cleaned (gutted), salted and dried usually under the sun in many rural/provincial areas in the country.
Suki – refers to a loyal and regular/frequent customer, a customer of long standing. My oldest sister is a „Suki“ of only one beef butcher in the market in Carmona, Cavite where she fequently and regularly buys their food for a week.
Palengke – a big market place, a marketplace, most often called „wet market(s)“ maybe because they are always wet from the water used to clean fish and seafoods and clean the cutting boards or containers of these goods.
Ulam – means dish, viand, often refers to the main dish of a meal eaten as always with rice. We say our „Ulam“ for today is Adobong Baboy“.
Kanin - that refers to cooked (boiled/steamed) rice which is cooked with the Ulam (viand) and in the Philippines, Kanin is always eaten from breakfast, lunch and dinner. Some are even eating Bahaw (cold cooked rice) during snacks
Bigas - refers to rice of any kind. In the Philippines we have brown and black rice, ordinary rice and glutinous rice (Malagkit na Bigas).
Lugaw/Nilugaw – rice (regular or glutinous) or corn porridge/gruel. Rice is cooked with plenty of water until they are soft and cooked and a bit soupy. With or without meat or anything and can be eaten only with little amount of salt or sugar. Arroz Caldo is a kind of Lugaw in the Philippines.
Karenderia/Karihan/Karinderya/Carienderia – a place that serve pre-cooked dishes or food: Refers to small store where pre-cooked food are sold and served
Turo-Turo or Turu-Turo – refers to a small shop/restaurant where pre-cooked food are for sale by pointing out what one wants/desires. From the word „Turo“ - pointing/point. Pre-cooked food/dishes are always displayed in pots and pans or any container for that matter .
Pulutan – any food cooked or uncooked that is served during a drinking session (with a beer or wine). Examples are Nuts (mostly Adobong Mani), Kornik (fried garlicky corn kernels), slices of green mangoes. Chicharon Bulaklak (crispy deep-fried pork intestines)
Chicharon – deep-fried pork rind or chicken skin. Also called Cracklings. In the Philippines, there are many kinds of Chicharon (Bulaklak, Bituka, Baboy , etc) and can be served as snacks or „Pulutan“. It can also be spelled as Tsitsaron, but seldom spelled this way.
Panderia/Panaderya – a local bakeshop, bakery or a bakeshouse where bakegoods, such as bread, cakes and pastries are produced/baked/made and sold. A visit to a local Panaderia in the Philippines is a joy for me. It brings back so many wonderful memories
Please visit "My Blog" (http://glorious-food-glossary.blogspot.com) for pictures of some of the terms listed here as I will post them there one by one and as time goes by
There might be other cooking and related terms which I can remember as time goes by and will be adding them later. I enjoyed doing this article. It brought me back to my home sweet home, the Philippines when I was young. It is Easter Sunday, April 1, 2018. It is a joy to do this article spending a lonely Easter Sunday away from my only son somewhere in Europe.
2016 was a busy year for me. I wanted to make it an amazing one and my dream was fulfilled. I had an amazing 2016, travelling to 6 countries adding 3 new cities to see and explore with Czech Republic , Hungary and Belgium , specifically the cities of Prague and Budapest and some small communities in Flanders in Belgium.
The highlight of my travel was of course my return to my country once again, the Philippines and be with my only child and the visit to the other half of my family in Texas to see my 83 year old mom once again and a bonus which was to be the brides maid for the first time for my sister's wedding which was held in Washington and another bonus for us afterwards the wedding - a road trip from Washington to Texas passing thru 8 American States. It was truly a wonderful journey with one of my brothers , a niece, my 3 sisters , my mom and my new brother-in-law in USA and of course my 3-long months of stay in the Philippines with my only child and 2 months with my mommy
It was such a busy year that I didnt spend much time adding articles into the glossary, but travel, eat, pray and make lots of pictures for the glossary which I wanted to add this year.
I have learned to cook and taste some of the traditional food/dishes of Belgium, particularly Flanders and taste new food in Czech Republic. I am not into eating lately as I am controlling my weight increase, but i tried to taste bits and pieces of the food which I am so curious about when I visited these countries.
In the Philippines, I visited some of these so called "wet markets" once again. I went back to my roots and enjoyed the wonderful sights, sound and smell of the food on sale. I will be adding some pictures soon of these amazing adventures of mine. I am excited to work again on the glossary, particularly to add the many pictures I took for you to enjoy, too.
Below is a picture of one of the local eateries found in the Philippines called Turo-Turo where ready-cooked meals/dishes are offered in pots or any covered food containers for the customers to choose from from early morning until dinner time, sometimes some of them are open 24 hours for evening travellers, mostly blue collar employees and drivers. There are lots of traditional every day dishes to choose from. I am a fan of these eateries, but carefully choosing where to go. I love their pork barbecues, most especially
I am starting to add some articles now about my travels, scenes of daily lives, cultural happenings (festivals, weddings, etc), street views (market places, tourist spots, etc), things and articles about food and related not only to food, but also other interesting things I thought you will enjoy, too when you visit our website. Just to have a bit background how it is in these countries, especially in my home country, the Philippines, Kerala, India where I have my so-called "second family", and Germany, where I am residing right now and a lot more countries which I was blessed to visit.
Food says a lot about the culture of the country and I can not ignore, other things and daily happenings in the lives of people residing in these countries.
I just really hope, that as much as I enjoyed being in these countries and look back into my pictures once in a while to remember the good old days, you will enjoy them too.
Happy viewing and thank a lot for visiting our website.
Starting today, I will be adding photos of the food from South India, specifically from the southern State of Kerala where I was blessed enough to visit and where I have a family friends. I have made and collected a lot of photos of foods and scenes from the daily life in Kerala, particularly the district of Alappuzha (Allepey) during my trip. I will be adding their description one by one, but right now my priority is to post the pictures first for all of you to enjoy.
For almost two (2) months, I visited Tamil Nadu (Chennai, Kanyakumari) and all around Kerala, the longest was in Allepey (Alappuzha), hence I have made so many pictures of the foods I have eaten along my entire vacation and many other everyday happenings and scenes in the said district.
I have collected so many happy memories in Kerala and Tamil Nadu and gained a new family.
I am not an authority on cooking South Indian food, I learned some techniques while in Allepey and am still learning to cook some of their dishes until now that I am back in Germany. I will only add stories and information as I was taught and as I have learned while in Kerala and also based on my research about their food. Right now, I can proudly say that I can cook very good Thoran, Fish/Chicken Fry, Cherupayaru Parippu Curry, Upma and Payasam. I am still dreaming of learning how to cook Sambar, Biryani, which is my favorite, Dosa and some of their sweet snacks, like Sukhiyan, Ari Unda, Halwa and many others.
I hope that you will enjoy the pictures I am sharing to all of you and hopefully, one day, you can visit South India, too as I did and get to enjoy the taste of South India. I am hoping and dreaming and working hard, so I can visit the Northern part of India in the near future.
To view or see the pictures, I will be adding "Food of South India/Kerala" before the name of the food, for example, Food of South India/Kerala: Papaya Thoran.
Below are pictures of me, enjoying Mutton Biryani. An Irish Proverbs says "Laughter is brightest where food is best", it is true indeed, especially when the food is shared with loved ones.
This is the first time I ever tasted Biryani in Halays Restaurant which offers the best Biryani in Allepey according to my friend and indeed, it was so delicious. They serve their Biryanis with Charllas/Sarlas with curd as a side dish and Papadam on top.
I am so happy to announce that we finally added a link to my blog to this glossary - the Glorious Life and Food which is all about my colorful and sometimes chaotic life juggling between 2 continents (Asia and Europe) and 2 countries (The Philippines and Germany), my travels around the globe, the activities which my family shared to me as they go about their lives in the Philippines and the United States of America, likewise the incredible life and foods of my extended family in Kerala, India who considered me as their own and my recollections of everything that happened to me as I enjoy my meals with everybody and most especially when I am alone, pictures of places, things and foods that take me back to my childhood, and everything about my uncomplicated life as a grew up with my parents and my siblings in the house where we shared lovely and memorable meals no matter what was on our dining table which was converted as my bed in the night.
My husband commented that I write too much on our glossary and not everybody are voracious readers like me and would not like to read my long stories, but I am a reader and I know that there are others out there around the globe who might be interested to read about the lives of others living in another continent to learn more about their culture and beautiful recollections and memoried of childhood when faced with foods and dishes they have learned to love when they were a child.
My blog is also the story of my life in pictures... it is and will be my visual diary which I wanted to leave as my legacy.
I hope you enjoy reading my blog wherever you might be and may your all your meals be always filled with happy memories.
Here below, I am sharing you a picture of one of the memorable meals I had with my half of my family who now resides in Texas whom I have never seen for a long time. One of my happiest meals with my family when I visited Texas in 2012. With my mom, my younger brother and his 2 boys and my 2 younger sisters.
Starting today, I will not just be adding new words to the Glossary, but I will be adding pictures of my journeys and all pictures I made relating to food . In 2012, I was so blessed enough to visit the United States (Houston, Sugarland and San Antonio, Texas), Copenhagen, Denmark; Malmö, Sweden and Amsterdam, The Netherlands and in 2013, I was able to visit 2 states of southern India, Tamil Nadu (Chennai) and Kerala (Allepey, etc) and spent almost 5 months in my home country, the Philippines. During those trips, I tried my best to make as many photos as I can of all things related to food and food pictures and I want to just add them to our website. Some of the pictures are not clear enough, but I will try as much as I can to describe what the picture shows.
I was able to enjoy my journeys and all the food I tasted along the way. I hope I can share to you as much information I can through my photos. Happy viewing
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