Glossary R

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Rava Payasam refers to the traditional sweet pudding from Kerala, India made from Rava, Milk, a bit of salt, Ghee, sugar spiced with Cardamom powder.

Rava is the Malayalam term for Semolina which is also called Soji or Sooji in other parts of India.

Rasam refers to the sour, spicy and tangy clear/thin soup from Kerala, India using basic ingredients, among which is the Tamarind (Tamarind Paste) which gives Rasam its sour taste. Tomatoes and Lemon are also used to make Rasam taste sour. Other ingredients and spices used for making Rasam are onions, ginger, garlic, turmeric powder, mustard seeds, pepper, red chilies and a bit of Jaggery. Other versions make use of Cumin, Coriander and of course the Curry Leaves which seems to be a must in all the dishes from Kerala.

Rasam is a popular dish not only in Kerala, but in other states of South India. It is often poured over rice and combined well and eaten also as a side dish together with Meen (Fish) Curry. It can also be served as a soup.

Rasam is also used as a digestive drink and is one of the many dishes serve as part of Sadya.

This Rasam below is made sour by using Tomatoes. In my opinion the South Indian Rasam is very much the same as the Philippines Sinigang, except that the Philippines Sinigang has meat (fish, shrimps/prawns, pork or beef) on it. (Please see article on Sinigang)

Thakkali (Tomato) Rasam poured to over rice, sometimes the only meal for lunch or dinner

Below is a picture of the traditional Rasam. Other varieties are coming out now using other ingredients.

Rusks are pieces of white bread which are dried and baked until golden brown. In Kerala, India, particularly in Allepey, they can be bought in most variety stores and eaten as snacks with hot coffee or tea or made into breadcrumbs as coating for Cutlets (fish or meat cutlets) before frying, as in Japanese Panko.

Picture below is a picture of store bought Rusks and pieces of Fish Cutlets coated with breadcrumbs made from Rusks.

Rusks - can be eaten as snacks with coffee or tea
Rusks - can be eaten as snacks with coffee or tea

Fried Fish Cutlet from Allepey, Kerala, India usually coated with flour, but this time Rusks made into breadcrumbs was used as a coating for extra crunchy taste

Deutsch: Rucola / Español: Rúcula / Português: Rúcula / Français: Roquette / Italiano: Rucola

Rocket, also known as arugula or roquette, is a leafy green vegetable popular in salads and other dishes for its peppery, slightly bitter flavor. It belongs to the Brassicaceae family, which includes broccoli, cauliflower, and kale.

Deutsch: Radicchio / Español: Radicchio / Português: Radicchio / Français: Radicchio / Italiano: Radicchio

Radicchio is a type of leaf chicory, often characterized by its striking dark red leaves with white veins. It is commonly used in salads and as a cooked vegetable, known for its distinctive bitter and spicy taste, which becomes milder when grilled or roasted.

Deutsch: Rhabarber / Español: Ruibarbo / Português: Ruibarbo / Français: Rhubarbe / Italiano: Rabarbaro

Rhubarb is a vegetable known for its long, tart stalks, which are commonly used in culinary applications similar to fruit. Despite its sour taste, rhubarb is often sweetened and cooked as a component in desserts, particularly pies and crumbles.

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