Deutsch: Joghurt / Indian: Thayer
Yogurt or yoghurt or yoghourt is a fermented milk product (soy milk, nut milks such as almond milk, and coconut milk can also be used) produced by bacterial fermentation of milk. The bacteria used to make yogurt are known as "yogurt cultures". Fermentation of lactose by these bacteria produces lactic acid, which acts on milk protein to give yogurt its texture and its characteristic tang.

In the food context, yogurt is a fermented dairy product that is made by adding bacterial cultures to milk, which causes the lactose in the milk to ferment into lactic acid. This fermentation process gives yogurt its distinctive tangy flavor and thick, creamy texture. Yogurt is a versatile ingredient that can be used in a wide range of sweet and savory dishes, including:

  1. Parfait: A breakfast dish made by layering yogurt with granola, fresh fruit, and honey.

  2. Smoothie: A drink made by blending yogurt with fresh or frozen fruit and other ingredients such as honey or protein powder.

  3. Tzatziki: A Greek dip made with yogurt, cucumber, garlic, and herbs. It is commonly served with pita bread or grilled meats.

  4. Yogurt Sauce: A versatile sauce made with yogurt, lemon juice, and herbs. It can be used as a dip for vegetables, a topping for grilled meats, or a dressing for salads.

  5. Raita: An Indian condiment made with yogurt, cucumber, and spices. It is commonly served with spicy dishes to help cool the palate.

Similar products to yogurt include:

  1. Kefir: A fermented milk drink that is similar to yogurt but has a thinner consistency and a more sour taste.

  2. Labneh: A Middle Eastern yogurt cheese that is made by straining yogurt to remove the whey. It has a thick, creamy texture and a tangy flavor.

  3. Sour Cream: A dairy product that is made by fermenting cream with bacterial cultures. It has a tangy flavor and a thick, creamy texture that is similar to yogurt.

  4. Crème Fraîche: A French dairy product that is similar to sour cream but has a milder flavor and a thinner consistency.

  5. Skyr: A traditional Icelandic dairy product that is similar to yogurt but has a thicker consistency and a milder flavor. It is high in protein and low in fat.

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