Short refers to a culinary term indicating a high proportion of fat to flour, examples are shortbread, short crust. It is a description of any pastry with a high content of fat. Fat makes pastry tender and flaky. Likewise, "Short" is a term used to describe bread, cake or pastry that has a high proportion of fat and is very tender or crisp. Shortbread is a good example, it is described as a short crumbly cookie. Short doughs are typically rich and crumbly.