Deutsch: Mürbeteiggebäck / Español: Galletas de mantequilla / Português: Biscoito amanteigado / Français: Sablé / Italiano: Biscotto al burro

Shortbread is a traditional Scottish biscuit known for its rich, buttery flavor and crumbly texture. It is made from a simple mixture of flour, sugar, and a large proportion of butter, which gives it its distinctive taste and texture.


Shortbread is a classic biscuit that originated in Scotland, renowned for its rich and buttery taste. The name "shortbread" comes from its crumbly texture, which is due to the high fat content provided by the butter. The basic recipe includes three ingredients: flour, sugar, and butter, often in a ratio of 3:2:1. This simple yet elegant biscuit can be molded into various shapes, with the traditional forms being rounds, fingers, or petticoat tails (a large circle divided into segments).

Historically, shortbread was considered a luxury and was reserved for special occasions such as Christmas, Hogmanay (Scottish New Year’s Eve), and weddings. Its roots can be traced back to medieval times when leftover dough from bread-making was dried out to create a type of hard biscuit known as "biscuit bread." Over time, the yeast in the bread was replaced with butter, resulting in the modern shortbread.

Shortbread's enduring popularity is due to its rich flavor, which pairs well with tea and coffee. It is also a favorite base for various desserts and sweet treats.

Special Varieties of Shortbread

Millionaire's Shortbread: A layered dessert consisting of a shortbread base, a layer of caramel, and a chocolate topping.

Shortbread Cookies with Add-ins: Variations include the addition of ingredients such as chocolate chips, nuts, or dried fruits.

Application Areas

Tea Time Treat: Perfect accompaniment to tea or coffee, often served in the afternoon.

Dessert Base: Used as a base for cheesecakes, caramel slices, and other desserts.

Gift Items: Packaged in decorative tins, making them a popular gift item, especially during holidays.

Well-Known Examples

Walkers Shortbread: One of the most famous brands, known for its traditional recipe and packaging.

Homemade Shortbread: Often found at local bakeries and made using family recipes passed down through generations.

Treatment and Risks

While shortbread is generally safe and enjoyed by many, there are a few potential risks to consider:

High-Calorie Content: Due to its high butter and sugar content, shortbread is calorie-dense and should be consumed in moderation.

Allergens: Contains gluten and dairy, which can be problematic for those with celiac disease or lactose intolerance.


Traditional Shortbread


  • 2 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 cup unsalted butter, softened
  • 1/2 cup granulated sugar
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt (optional)


  1. Preheat oven to 150°C (300°F).
  2. Cream together the butter and sugar until light and fluffy.
  3. Gradually add the flour (and salt, if using), mixing until a soft dough forms.
  4. Press the dough into a greased baking dish or mold into desired shapes.
  5. Prick the surface with a fork and bake for 35-40 minutes or until lightly golden.
  6. Allow to cool before cutting into pieces.

Millionaire's Shortbread


  • Shortbread base (as above)
  • Caramel layer: 1 can sweetened condensed milk, 1/2 cup butter, 1/2 cup brown sugar
  • Chocolate topping: 200g (7 oz) dark or milk chocolate, melted


  1. Prepare the shortbread base as above and let it cool.
  2. For the caramel layer, melt the butter and sugar in a saucepan, then add the condensed milk. Stir continuously until it thickens and turns golden brown.
  3. Pour the caramel over the shortbread base and let it set.
  4. Pour the melted chocolate over the caramel layer and allow to cool.
  5. Cut into squares once the chocolate has hardened.

Similar Terms

  • Sablé: A French shortbread-like biscuit with a similar texture but often more crumbly.
  • Butter Cookies: A broader category that includes various types of cookies made with a high butter content.
  • Biscotti: Italian biscuits that are twice-baked, dry, and crunchy, often served with coffee.


Shortbread is a timeless and beloved biscuit, cherished for its buttery richness and crumbly texture. Originating from Scotland, it has become a popular treat worldwide, enjoyed on its own or as a base for other desserts. With its simple ingredients and delightful taste, shortbread continues to be a favourite for many, particularly during festive occasions. Whether bought from a well-known brand or baked at home, shortbread remains a versatile and delectable treat.