An oven is a thermally insulated chamber used for the heating, baking or drying of a substance, and most commonly used for cooking. Kilns and furnaces are special-purpose ovens, used in pottery and metalworking, respectively.
In the food context, an oven is a kitchen appliance used for cooking and baking food. It typically uses dry heat to cook or bake food items, and can come in various types such as electric, gas, or convection ovens. Here are some examples of foods that are often cooked or baked in an oven:
- Roast chicken or turkey: a whole bird that is seasoned and roasted in the oven until fully cooked and browned.
- Baked goods: items such as bread, cookies, cakes, and pies that are prepared from dough or batter and baked in the oven.
- Pizza: a flatbread topped with tomato sauce, cheese, and various other toppings, typically baked in a pizza oven or a conventional oven.
- Casseroles: a dish that combines various ingredients such as meat, vegetables, and grains, and is baked in the oven until fully cooked.
- Roasted vegetables: vegetables such as potatoes, carrots, and Brussels sprouts that are seasoned and roasted in the oven until crispy and caramelized.
- Lasagna: a layered pasta dish that is typically baked in the oven until fully cooked and browned.
- Quiche: a savory egg-based dish that is typically baked in the oven with various fillings such as cheese, vegetables, and meat.
- Roast beef: a large cut of beef that is seasoned and roasted in the oven until fully cooked and browned.
Other appliances that are similar to ovens include toaster ovens, which are smaller and typically used for toasting and reheating food items, and microwaves, which use radiation to cook food quickly and efficiently.