Glossary C

The food glossary +++ Popular Articles: 'Cuisine', 'Chicken Feet', 'Corn Kernels Fried Rice'

Deutsch: Carbonara / Español: Carbonara / Português: Carbonara / Français: Carbonara / Italiano: Carbonara

Carbonara in the food context refers to a traditional Italian pasta dish originating from Rome, made with eggs, hard cheese (Pecorino Romano or Parmigiano-Reggiano), cured pork (guanciale or pancetta), and black pepper. This dish is celebrated for its creamy texture and rich flavors, despite not containing cream. Carbonara is a prime example of Italian culinary simplicity, where a few high-quality ingredients come together to create a dish that is both comforting and luxurious.

Deutsch: Karamellkuchen / Español: Pastel de caramelo / Português: Bolo de caramelo / Français: Gâteau au caramel / Italiano: Torta al caramello

Caramel Cake in the food context refers to a dessert that typically features layers of moist, buttery cake with a rich and sweet caramel icing or frosting. This classic treat is beloved for its deep, toasty flavors and the perfect balance of sweetness, making it a favorite for celebrations, holidays, or as a comforting homemade delight.

Deutsch: Caprese-Salat / Español: Ensalada Caprese / Português: Salada Caprese / Français: Salade Caprese / Italiano: Insalata Caprese

Caprese Salad is a simple Italian dish that showcases the fresh flavors of its core ingredients: ripe tomatoes, fresh mozzarella cheese, basil leaves, olive oil, and often a sprinkle of salt and balsamic vinegar. This dish is celebrated for its representation of the Italian flag through its colors—red (tomatoes), white (mozzarella), and green (basil)—and is rooted in the cuisine of the Campania region. The simplicity of a Caprese Salad lies not just in its preparation but in its reliance on the quality and freshness of its ingredients.


The beauty of the Caprese Salad lies in its simplicity and the purity of its ingredients. Originating from the Isle of Capri, this salad has become a global staple of Italian cuisine, especially popular during the summer months when tomatoes are at their peak of ripeness. The traditional Caprese Salad is served as an antipasto (starter dish) rather than a side dish and is not intended to be served with any additional dressings or ingredients that might overpower the delicate balance of flavors. The mozzarella used in a Caprese is typically the fresh, soft variety, known as "mozzarella di bufala," which is made from the milk of water buffalo raised in the marshlands of Campania and Lazio.

Application Areas

The Caprese Salad is a versatile dish that can be served in various settings:

  • Restaurants and Cafés: As a popular starter or side dish in Italian and international cuisine menus.
  • Home Cooking: Ideal for a quick, healthy, and refreshing meal or side dish, especially in summer.
  • Catering and Events: Due to its simplicity, appealing presentation, and refreshing taste, it's a common choice for buffets, picnics, and formal events.

Well-Known Examples

While the Caprese Salad itself is a specific arrangement of ingredients, variations and inspirations drawn from its fundamental composition can be found:

  • Caprese skewers: A finger-food variant, threading cherry tomatoes, basil leaves, and mini mozzarella balls on skewers, often drizzled with balsamic glaze.
  • Caprese sandwich or Panini: Incorporating the same ingredients between slices of crusty bread or in a grilled Panini.

Treatment and Risks

There are no significant risks associated with consuming a Caprese Salad, making it a healthy option that provides essential nutrients, including vitamins from the tomatoes and protein from the mozzarella. However, those with dairy allergies or lactose intolerance should be cautious about the mozzarella cheese component.

Examples of Sentences

  • "For a light and refreshing lunch, I love making a Caprese Salad with garden-fresh tomatoes and basil."
  • "The Caprese skewers were a hit at the picnic, offering a portable twist on the classic salad."

Similar Terms or Synonyms

  • Tomato and Mozzarella Salad: A descriptive term for Caprese Salad emphasizing its primary ingredients.
  • Insalata Caprese: The Italian name for the dish, often used internationally.


Caprese Salad epitomizes the Italian culinary philosophy of "less is more," relying on the freshness and quality of a few key ingredients to create a dish that is both simple and profound in flavor. Its global popularity underscores the universal appeal of combining fresh produce with high-quality dairy, making it a timeless addition to any meal, especially in warmer weather.


Deutsch: Calamondin / Español: Calamondina / Português: Calamondim / Français: Calamondin / Italiano: Calamondino

Calamondi is another word for Calamansi or Kalamansi , the citrus fruit found in the Philippines.

Calamondin is a fruit that belongs to the citrus family, known scientifically as Citrofortunella microcarpa or × Citrofortunella mitis. This small, round citrus fruit is a hybrid, often considered a cross between a kumquat and a mandarin orange. The skin of the calamondin is thin and orange at full ripeness, closely resembling a small tangerine or mandarin in appearance. Despite its sweet-smelling exterior, the fruit's flesh is quite sour, akin to a lime or lemon, making it an excellent candidate for culinary use where acidic citrus notes are desired.

In the food context, "Crispy Hipon" refers to a popular Filipino dish that consists of deep-fried shrimp, often coated in a light batter to achieve a crispy texture. "Hipon" is the Filipino word for shrimp or prawn, making "Crispy Hipon" a straightforward description of the dish's main ingredient and its preparation method.

In the food context, "Chopsuey" refers to a Chinese-American stir-fry dish that features a mix of meat (such as chicken, beef, pork, or shrimp) and assorted vegetables. The name "Chopsuey," which is thought to mean "assorted pieces" in Chinese, reflects the dish's composition of various ingredients tossed together. It is believed to have originated from Chinese immigrants in the United States as a way to use up leftover ingredients, making it a versatile and adaptable dish.

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