Deutsch: Mais / Indian: Cholam
Maize, known in some English-speaking countries as corn, is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times. The leafy stalk produces ears which contain the grain, which are seeds called kernels. Maize kernels are used in cooking as a starch.

In the food context, maize refers to the cereal grain that is commonly known as corn. Maize is one of the most important staple crops in the world, and it is used in a wide variety of dishes and cuisines. Here are some examples of how maize is used in cooking:

  1. Tortillas: A traditional Mexican flatbread made with maize flour. Tortillas are often used to make tacos, enchiladas, and quesadillas.

  2. Polenta: A traditional Italian dish made from boiled maize meal. Polenta can be served as a side dish, or as a main dish with a tomato sauce or meat ragù.

  3. Cornbread: A classic American bread made with maize flour, often served with butter and honey or as a side dish to chili.

  4. Popcorn: A popular snack made by heating maize kernels until they pop.

  5. Corn Chowder: A creamy soup made with sweetcorn, potatoes, onions, and cream.

Similar grains to maize include:

  1. Rice: A staple grain that is used in a wide variety of dishes and cuisines. Rice is often used in Asian, Indian, and Middle Eastern cuisine, and is used to make dishes like sushi, biryani, and pilaf.

  2. Wheat: A versatile grain that is used in a wide variety of dishes and cuisines. Wheat is used to make bread, pasta, couscous, and many other dishes.

  3. Barley: A nutritious grain that is often used in soups and stews. Barley is also used to make beer and whiskey.

  4. Quinoa: A nutritious grain that is native to South America. Quinoa is often used in vegetarian and vegan dishes, and is a good source of protein.

  5. Millet: A small, gluten-free grain that is often used in African and Asian cuisine. Millet is used to make porridge, bread, and other dishes.

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