Deutsch: Suppe

Soup is a primarily liquid food, generally served warm or hot (but may be cool or cold), that is made by combining ingredients of meat or vegetables with stock, or water. Hot soups are additionally characterized by boiling solid ingredients in liquids in a pot until the flavors are extracted, forming a broth. Soups are similar to stews, and in some cases there may not be a clear distinction between the two; however, soups generally have more liquid (broth) than stews.

In the food context, the term "soup" refers to a liquid dish typically made by simmering ingredients like meat, vegetables, grains, or legumes in water or stock. Here are some examples of how soups are used in various dishes and cuisines:

  1. French Onion Soup: This classic French soup is made by caramelizing onions, then simmering them in beef broth until tender. The soup is usually served with a slice of bread and melted cheese on top.

  2. Italian Minestrone: This hearty Italian soup is made with a variety of vegetables, beans, and pasta or rice, simmered in a tomato-based broth.

  3. Japanese Miso Soup: This Japanese soup is made with a miso paste, which is added to a dashi (fish broth) and often includes tofu, seaweed, and green onions.

  4. Thai Tom Yum Soup: This spicy and sour Thai soup is made with lemongrass, galangal, kaffir lime leaves, and chili peppers, simmered in a broth with shrimp or chicken.

  5. Mexican Tortilla Soup: This Mexican soup is made with a tomato-based broth, shredded chicken, and crispy tortilla strips, garnished with avocado, lime, and cheese.

  6. Indian Mulligatawny Soup: This Anglo-Indian soup is made with chicken, rice, and curry powder, simmered in a broth with vegetables like carrots, celery, and onions.

  7. Russian Borscht: This Russian soup is made with beets, cabbage, potatoes, and beef, simmered in a beef broth and often served with sour cream.

  8. American Chicken Noodle Soup: This classic American soup is made with chicken, egg noodles, and vegetables like carrots, celery, and onions, simmered in a chicken broth.

  9. Korean Kimchi Soup: This Korean soup is made with fermented kimchi, tofu, and pork or beef, simmered in a spicy broth with garlic, ginger, and green onions.

  10. Spanish Gazpacho: This Spanish cold soup is made with raw vegetables like tomatoes, peppers, and cucumbers, blended with olive oil, bread, vinegar, and garlic.

Overall, soups are a versatile and nourishing dish that can be adapted to many different ingredients and flavor profiles. They can be served as a main course or as a starter, and are a popular dish in many cuisines around the world.

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