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Kimchi is a traditional Korean dish made from fermented vegetables, most commonly napa cabbage and Korean radishes, with a variety of seasonings including chili powder, scallions, garlic, ginger, and jeotgal (salted seafood). It is a staple in Korean cuisine and is known for its distinctive spicy and sour flavor.


Kimchi is not only a popular side dish but also a significant part of Korean cultural identity. The process of making kimchi, known as "kimjang," involves salting the vegetables to remove excess water, mixing them with the seasoning paste, and then fermenting them in a cool place for several days to several weeks. This fermentation process produces beneficial lactobacillus bacteria, which makes kimchi a good probiotic food.

The flavor of kimchi varies widely depending on the recipes and the fermentation time. Young kimchi is crisp and lightly spicy, whereas older kimchi can become very sour and pungent. Additionally, there are hundreds of varieties of kimchi made from different vegetables as the main ingredients.

Application Areas

Kimchi is versatile in its use and can be enjoyed in various ways:

  • As a Side Dish: Served with almost every meal in Korean cuisine.
  • In Cooking: Used as an ingredient in numerous dishes, including kimchi stew (kimchi jjigae), kimchi fried rice, and kimchi pancakes.
  • As a Flavor Enhancer: Adds depth and flavor to various soups, noodle dishes, and stir-fries.

Well-Known Examples

Kimchi is integral to many Korean dishes and food practices:

  • Kimchi Jjigae: A robust stew made with ripe kimchi, pork, and tofu, often eaten in the colder months.
  • Kimchi Bokkeumbap: Fried rice that uses chopped kimchi for its primary flavor.
  • Kimchi Jeon: Pancakes made by mixing kimchi into the batter and frying it until crisp.

Treatment and Risks

Kimchi is considered very healthy due to its high content of vitamins, fiber, and probiotics. However, it is high in sodium, which could be a concern for people with high blood pressure. The fermentation process also produces gases, so it should be stored in containers designed to release pressure and kept cool to avoid explosions.


Kimchi can be made at home with some basic ingredients and simple steps:

  • Basic Napa Cabbage Kimchi:
    • Ingredients: Napa cabbage, salt, water, garlic, ginger, sugar, fish sauce, Korean red pepper flakes, scallions, and daikon radish.
    • Method: Cut the cabbage into chunks, then salt and water to let sit overnight. Rinse and drain cabbage. Mix a paste of garlic, ginger, sugar, and fish sauce, then combine with red pepper flakes, scallions, and radish. Rub this mixture into the cabbage. Place in a jar, pressing down to reduce air exposure and let it ferment for 3-5 days in a cool place.

Similar Terms

Articles with 'Kimchi' in the title

  • Dubu kimchi: Dubu kimchi (Tofu with Stir-fried Kimchi). A Korean wel-aged or well-fermented sour Kimchi stir-fried with thinly sliced pork shoulder or belly and served with warm tofu
  • Jjokpa-Kimchi: Jjokpa-Kimchi refers to Korea's "Spirng Onion Kimchi". Jjokpa-Kimchi is a kind of Kimchi which is made of lightly salted spring onions or scallions mixed with rice flour paste, salt-fermented anchovy, garlic, ginger, and red pepper powder, . . .
  • Yeolmu-Kimchi: Yeolmu-Kimchi refers to a Korean dish, a young summer radish water kimchi that is popular in Korea as a summertime food. Yeolmu-Kimchi has a lot of water and is lightly seasoned


Kimchi is a cornerstone of Korean cuisine, celebrated not just for its ability to complement meals but also for its significant health benefits. It varies greatly in taste and preparation, ranging from sweet and mild to sour and intensely spicy. Kimchi serves as a digestive aid, flavor enhancer, and even a main ingredient in meals, making it a truly versatile and essential element in Korean food culture.


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