Deutsch: Eritrea / Español: Eritrea / Português: Eritreia / Français: Érythrée / Italiano: Eritrea

Eritrea in the context of food refers to the culinary practices, dishes, and flavors that are characteristic of the East African country of Eritrea. The country's cuisine is highly influenced by its history of Italian colonization and its geographical location, which has created a unique blend of African and Italian culinary traditions.


Eritrean cuisine combines traditional African foods with Italian influences, which can be seen in the popular use of pasta and other Italian staples alongside more traditional African ingredients and cooking methods. The staple food in Eritrea is injera, a sourdough flatbread made from teff flour, which is typically served with stews known as tsebhis or zignis. The stews often contain lentils, spinach, potatoes, and a variety of meats, including goat and lamb.

Eritrean food is known for its hearty flavors and heavy use of spices, including berbere (a spice mixture containing chili peppers, garlic, ginger, and other spices), which is a cornerstone of many dishes. Seafood is also prevalent, thanks to the country’s Red Sea coastline, featuring in many traditional dishes.

Application Areas

Eritrean cuisine is celebrated for its diverse range of dishes that can be categorized into several types:

  • Staple Dishes: Injera served with various tsebhis.
  • Italian Influences: Pasta dishes like lasagna and spaghetti often modified with local spices.
  • Vegetarian Dishes: Many meals are lentil or vegetable-based due to the predominance of Orthodox Christian fasting periods which forbid the consumption of animal products.

Well-Known Examples

Some well-known Eritrean dishes include:

  • Zigni: A spicy stew made with meat, usually served over injera.
  • Kitcha Fit-Fit: A breakfast dish made from shredded flatbread mixed with clarified butter and berbere spice.
  • Alitcha Birsen: A lentil stew that is less spicy, often eaten during religious fasting seasons.

Treatment and Risks

Eritrean cuisine is generally healthy, relying heavily on grains, legumes, and vegetables. However, as with any cuisine, it can be high in carbohydrates and fats depending on the cooking style. The use of spices and condiments should also be moderated to suit individual health conditions or dietary restrictions.


Eritrean cuisine offers a variety of dishes that can be tried at home:

  • Homemade Injera:
    • Ingredients: Teff flour, water, salt, yeast.
    • Method: Mix ingredients to form a batter, let ferment, then pour onto a hot skillet and cook until holes form on the surface.
  • Basic Zigni:
    • Ingredients: Beef or lamb, onions, tomato paste, berbere spice, garlic, ginger, oil.
    • Method: Sauté meat and onions in oil, add berbere and tomato paste, cook until well combined and serve over injera.

Similar Terms

  • Ethiopian Cuisine
  • Somali Cuisine
  • Djibouti Cuisine
  • Sudanese Cuisine
  • North African Cuisine



Eritrea's cuisine is a rich tapestry of flavors that reflects its African heritage and Italian colonial influence. It is characterized by the use of spices, the staple injera, and a variety of stews that cater to both meat-eaters and vegetarians alike. Whether through hearty meat dishes or light vegetarian meals, Eritrean food offers something unique and flavorful for every palate.


Related Articles

Cuisine ■■■■■■■■■■
A cuisine is a style of cooking characterized by distinctive ingredients, techniques and dishes, and . . . Read More
Spanish ■■■■■■■■■
Spanish in the food context refers to the culinary traditions and dishes originating from Spain, characterized . . . Read More
India ■■■■■■■■■
India is renowned for its rich and diverse culinary traditions, which are deeply rooted in the country's . . . Read More
Mexico ■■■■■■■■■
Mexico in the food context refers to the rich and diverse culinary traditions that are integral to Mexican . . . Read More
Kelp ■■■■■■■■■
Kelp in the food context refers to a type of large seaweed that grows in underwater forests in shallow . . . Read More
Filipino ■■■■■■■■■
Filipino in the food context refers to the culinary traditions and dishes originating from the Philippines, . . . Read More
Russian ■■■■■■■■■
Russian in the food context refers to the culinary traditions and dishes originating from Russia. Known . . . Read More
Indonesian ■■■■■■■■■
Indonesian cuisine represents the culinary traditions of Indonesia, an archipelago that consists of thousands . . . Read More
Coriander ■■■■■■■■
In the United States Coriander is also known as cilantro or cilantro leaves. DescriptionCoriander, also . . . Read More
Creole Cuisine ■■■■■■■■
Creole Cuisine refers to a fusion of French, Spanish, and Native American cuisine cooked by African women . . . Read More