Deutsch: Kohlrabi / Español: Colirrábano / Português: Couve-rábano / Français: Chou-rave / Italiano: Cavolo rapa

Kohlrabi in the food context refers to a type of vegetable that belongs to the brassica family, which also includes cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower. Its name comes from the German words for cabbage ("Kohl") and turnip ("Rabi"), reflecting its appearance and taste, which resemble a cross between a turnip and a cabbage stem. Kohlrabi can be eaten both raw and cooked and comes in green or purple varieties, although the flesh inside is usually pale green or white.

Description

Kohlrabi is known for its mildly sweet, slightly peppery flavor and crisp texture. It has a thick outer skin that is usually peeled off to reveal the crunchy, edible interior. This vegetable is versatile in the kitchen and can be used in a variety of dishes. It can be sliced and added to salads, grated into slaws, roasted, steamed, sautéed, or even eaten raw as a snack. Kohlrabi is also a good source of vitamins C and K, fiber, and potassium.

Application Areas

Kohlrabi is utilized in various culinary applications, including:

  • Salads and Slaws: Its crisp texture and mild taste make it a refreshing addition to raw dishes.
  • Soups and Stews: Kohlrabi can be diced and added to soups and stews, where it absorbs the flavors of the broth.
  • Side Dishes: It can be roasted, sautéed, or steamed as a nutritious side dish.
  • Snacks: Thinly sliced or cut into sticks, kohlrabi can be served with dips or used as a healthy snack option.

Well-Known Examples

Some specific dishes and preparations that feature kohlrabi include:

  • Kohlrabi Salad: Shredded kohlrabi mixed with dressing and other fresh vegetables.
  • Roasted Kohlrabi: Cubes of kohlrabi roasted until tender and caramelized.
  • Kohlrabi Soup: Creamy or broth-based soups featuring kohlrabi as a primary ingredient.
  • Kohlrabi Slaw: A twist on traditional coleslaw, using kohlrabi instead of cabbage.

Recipes

A simple recipe to enjoy kohlrabi is Roasted Kohlrabi:

  1. Ingredients:

    • 2-3 medium kohlrabis, peeled and cut into cubes
    • 2 tablespoons olive oil
    • Salt and pepper to taste
    • Optional: garlic powder, paprika, or other seasonings for extra flavor
  2. Preparation:

    • Preheat the oven to 400°F (200°C).
    • Toss the kohlrabi cubes with olive oil, salt, pepper, and any additional seasonings until evenly coated.
    • Spread the kohlrabi in a single layer on a baking sheet.
    • Roast in the oven for 25-30 minutes, or until the kohlrabi is tender and the edges are golden brown, stirring halfway through cooking.
    • Serve warm as a side dish.

Treatment and Risks

Kohlrabi is safe and beneficial to eat for most people, contributing to a balanced and healthy diet. However, those with thyroid conditions should be cautious with their intake of cruciferous vegetables like kohlrabi, as they contain goitrogens, which can interfere with thyroid function when consumed in very high amounts.

Similar Terms or Synonyms

  • German Turnip
  • Turnip Cabbage

Summary

Kohlrabi is a nutritious and versatile vegetable that offers a unique combination of flavors and textures, making it suitable for a wide range of dishes from raw salads to roasted sides. Its health benefits and culinary flexibility make it a valuable addition to any diet.

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