Deutsch: Vietnam / Español: Vietnam / Português: Vietnã / Français: Vietnam / Italiano: Vietnam

Vietnam is renowned for its rich and diverse culinary traditions, which reflect its history, geography, and cultural influences. The cuisine of Vietnam is known for its fresh ingredients, balanced flavours, and the artful use of herbs and spices.


Vietnamese cuisine is celebrated for its fresh, vibrant, and health-conscious dishes. Key elements include rice, noodles, fresh herbs, vegetables, seafood, and meats. The balance of five fundamental taste elements - sweet, sour, bitter, salty, and umami - is a hallmark of Vietnamese cooking, creating a harmonious and complex flavour profile.

Staple dishes in Vietnamese cuisine often feature rice (as in steamed rice, rice noodles, or rice paper) and a variety of proteins, including pork, chicken, beef, and seafood. Fish sauce (nước mắm) is a ubiquitous condiment, providing a salty and umami depth to many dishes.

Vietnamese meals are often accompanied by fresh herbs such as cilantro, basil, and mint, and vegetables like lettuce, bean sprouts, and pickled radish. The cuisine also emphasizes the importance of dipping sauces, which are customized to enhance the flavours of the main dishes.

Application Areas

Main Dishes:

  • Pho: A fragrant noodle soup with beef or chicken, known for its aromatic broth.
  • Banh Mi: A French-inspired sandwich made with a baguette, filled with various meats, vegetables, and condiments.
  • Bun Cha: Grilled pork served with rice noodles, fresh herbs, and dipping sauce.

Street Food:

  • Spring Rolls (Gỏi cuốn): Fresh rolls made with shrimp, pork, and vegetables wrapped in rice paper.
  • Banh Xeo: Crispy Vietnamese pancakes filled with shrimp, pork, and bean sprouts.


  • Che: A sweet soup or pudding made with various ingredients like beans, fruit, and coconut milk.
  • Banh Flan: A Vietnamese version of crème caramel, influenced by French cuisine.


  • Ca Phe Sua Da: Vietnamese iced coffee with sweetened condensed milk.
  • Tra Chanh: Lemon tea, a popular street beverage.

Well-Known Examples

  1. Pho: The national dish of Vietnam, enjoyed at any time of the day, especially for breakfast.
  2. Banh Mi: Reflects the historical influence of French colonialism, blending Vietnamese ingredients with a French baguette.
  3. Vietnamese Spring Rolls: Known for their freshness and the combination of textures and flavours.

Treatment and Risks


  • Some traditional Vietnamese dishes can be high in sodium due to the use of fish sauce and soy sauce.
  • Certain street food practices might pose food safety risks if not handled properly.


  • Vietnamese cuisine is generally healthy, emphasizing fresh vegetables, lean proteins, and herbs.
  • The use of herbs and spices not only adds flavour but also brings nutritional and medicinal benefits.

Similar Terms

  • Thai Cuisine: Shares some similarities with Vietnamese cuisine in terms of ingredients and flavours but tends to be spicier.
  • Chinese Cuisine: Influences Vietnamese food, especially in the use of noodles and certain cooking techniques.
  • French Cuisine: Left a lasting impact on Vietnamese food, evident in dishes like Banh Mi and Banh Flan.



Vietnamese cuisine is a vibrant and health-conscious culinary tradition that emphasizes fresh ingredients, balanced flavours, and the artful use of herbs and spices. From the iconic pho to the beloved banh mi, Vietnamese food reflects the country’s rich cultural history and offers a delightful array of dishes that cater to various tastes and preferences. With its focus on balance and harmony, Vietnamese cuisine continues to captivate food enthusiasts around the world.


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