The jalapeño is a medium-sized chili pepper pod type cultivar of the species Capsicum annuum. A mature jalapeño chili is 5–10 cm long and hangs down with a round, firm, smooth flesh of 25–38 mm wide.

In the food context, 'jalapeño' refers to a type of chili pepper that is commonly used in various cuisines, particularly in Mexican and Tex-Mex dishes. Jalapeños are known for their mild to moderate level of spiciness, making them popular for adding a flavorful kick to many recipes. They are characterized by their thick, green flesh and slightly wrinkled appearance. When fully ripened, jalapeños can turn red.

Many Examples of Jalapeño Usage in Food:

  1. Salsa: Jalapeños are a key ingredient in many salsa recipes, adding both heat and flavor. Whether it's a fresh pico de gallo or a cooked salsa, jalapeños bring a zesty element to the mix.

  2. Stuffed Jalapeños (Jalapeño Poppers): Jalapeño poppers are a popular appetizer made by stuffing jalapeños with cheese or other fillings, then breaded and deep-fried or baked until crispy.

  3. Tacos and Burritos: Jalapeños can be diced and used as a topping for tacos and burritos, adding a spicy element to these beloved Mexican dishes.

  4. Guacamole: Some guacamole recipes include finely diced jalapeños for an extra kick, complementing the creamy avocado.

  5. Chili: Jalapeños are commonly used in chili recipes, adding depth of flavor and just the right amount of heat to the dish.

  6. Pickled Jalapeños: Pickling jalapeños is a popular method to preserve them and create a tangy, spicy condiment that can be used to add flavor to a variety of dishes.

  7. Stir-Fries: Jalapeños can be sliced and added to stir-fries for a spicy twist on classic dishes.

  8. Burgers and Sandwiches: Sliced jalapeños can be added to burgers and sandwiches to give them a little extra kick and flavor.

  9. Soups and Stews: Jalapeños can be diced and added to soups and stews, enhancing the overall taste of the dish.

  10. Jalapeño Cornbread: Jalapeños can be incorporated into cornbread recipes to create a delicious and slightly spicy side dish.

Similar Ingredients Used in Food:

  1. Serrano Peppers: Serrano peppers are another type of chili commonly used in Mexican cuisine. They are smaller and hotter than jalapeños, adding a fiery kick to dishes.

  2. Chipotle Peppers: Chipotle peppers are smoked and dried jalapeños, often used in adobo sauce. They have a distinct smoky flavor that adds depth to sauces and marinades.

  3. Anaheim Peppers: Anaheim peppers are mild chili peppers often used in salsas, sauces, and stuffed pepper dishes.

  4. Habanero Peppers: Habanero peppers are much hotter than jalapeños and should be used with caution. They add a fruity and intense spiciness to dishes.

  5. Poblano Peppers: Poblano peppers are mild chili peppers commonly used in Mexican cuisine, particularly in dishes like chiles rellenos.

  6. Thai Chili Peppers: Thai chili peppers are small and extremely spicy, commonly used in Thai and Southeast Asian dishes.

Popular Recipe: Jalapeño Poppers

Jalapeño poppers are a delightful and flavorful appetizer that can be served at parties, gatherings, or as a delicious snack.


  • 12 fresh jalapeño peppers
  • 8 ounces cream cheese, softened
  • 1 cup shredded cheddar cheese
  • 1 teaspoon garlic powder
  • 1 teaspoon onion powder
  • 1 teaspoon smoked paprika
  • 1 cup all-purpose flour
  • 2 large eggs, beaten
  • 1 ½ cups breadcrumbs
  • Vegetable oil, for frying


  1. Preheat your oven to 400°F (200°C). Line a baking sheet with parchment paper.
  2. Cut the jalapeño peppers in half lengthwise and remove the seeds and membranes with a small spoon. Use caution and wear gloves when handling jalapeños, as their oils can cause irritation to the skin and eyes.
  3. In a mixing bowl, combine the softened cream cheese, shredded cheddar cheese, garlic powder, onion powder, and smoked paprika. Mix until well combined.
  4. Stuff each jalapeño half with the cream cheese mixture, pressing it gently to fill the cavity evenly.
  5. Place the flour, beaten eggs, and breadcrumbs into three separate shallow dishes for breading.
  6. Carefully dip each stuffed jalapeño half into the flour, then into the beaten eggs, and finally, coat with breadcrumbs, pressing gently to adhere.
  7. Place the breaded jalapeños on the prepared baking sheet. At this point, you can either bake the jalapeño poppers in the preheated oven for about 15-20 minutes until golden and crispy, or proceed to the frying step for a more indulgent version.
  8. To fry the jalapeño poppers, heat vegetable oil in a deep frying pan or pot over medium-high heat. Fry the poppers in batches for about 2-3 minutes on each side until golden brown and crispy. Use a slotted spoon to remove them from the oil and place them on a paper towel-lined plate to drain any excess oil.
  9. Serve the jalapeño poppers warm, and enjoy their delicious, creamy, and slightly spicy flavor!

Jalapeño poppers are sure to be a hit with guests and make for a perfect finger food for any occasion.


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