Glossary L

The food glossary +++ Popular Articles: 'List of Philippine Vegetables', 'Longganisa', 'Lemon'

Laminated pastries are those made with puff pastry, or pastry rolled with layers of butter, examples are Hopia of the Philippines and pastries from Kerala, India called Puffs.

Puffs from Kerala, India

Puffs from Kerala, India

Meat Puffs - Food from Kerala, India

Deutsch: Liste der Fische / Español: Lista de Peces / Português: Lista de Peixes / Français: Liste des Poissons / Italiano: Elenco dei Pesci /

Here is the alphabetic list of fish which is common in Kerala, India translated from Malayalam to English.

Malayalam is the language used in Kerala, India.

Below are some of interesting photos of village life in Kerala and photos of assorted fish common in Kerala.


Aakoli – Silver Moony

Aiyla – Mackerel

Aiykoora – King Fish / Wahoo / King Mackarel

Avoli – Pomfret



Kadal Kuthira - Sword Fish

Kannambu – Mullet

Kannava – Squid

Kari Meen – Pearl Spot/ Green Chromide

Killi Meen – Threadfin bream

Kolaan – Garfish or Pipefish

Koori/Vaari – Mystus

Kora / Kaala – Salmon

Kozhuva – Indian Anchovy

Mathi/Chaala – Sardine

Mushi – Silurus/Cat Fish

Netholi – Anchovy

Ney Meen – Seer Fish / Queen Fish

Nangu – Sole Fish

Paalla – Surgeon Fish

Parava - False trevally

PooMeen – Milk Fish

Rohu – Reba

Sheelavu – Barracuda

Thilopia/Kerala Karimeen – Tilapia

Thirandi – Stingray

Vaalla – Wallago / Knife Fish

Varaal – Snake Head

Vatta - Bluefin trevally

Personal Note:

Kerala, India was one of the places I visited and India and to live there for a month and see their culture, particularly their food made me so curious about everything about their cuisine and food (dishes) and drinks.

Below is a picture of a fish market in Allepey, Kerala, India. Although there are some raodside makeshift fish markets and fish peddlers using bikes

Deutsch: Lyoner / Español: Lyoner / Português: Lyoner / Français: Lyoner / Italiano: Lyoner

Lyoner refers to a type of sausage that originated in the Saarland region of Germany and is closely associated with French cuisine, particularly from the Lyon area. Known also as Fleischwurst, Lyoner is a finely ground sausage made from pork, and sometimes beef or veal, seasoned with various spices.

Deutsch: Lagerbier / Español: Cerveza tipo Lager / Português: Cerveja Lager / Français: Bière Lager / Italiano: Birra Lager

Lager is a type of beer that is fermented and conditioned at low temperatures using a specific type of yeast known as Saccharomyces pastorianus. It is one of the two main types of beer, the other being ale, which is fermented at higher temperatures. Lager is known for its clean, crisp flavor profile and can range in color from very pale to amber or dark brown depending on the specific grains used in brewing.

Deutsch: Frühlingsrollen mit Sojasprossen / Español: Rollitos primavera de brotes de soja / Português: Rolinhos primavera de broto de feijão / Français: Rouleaux de printemps aux germes de soja / Italiano: Involtini primavera con germogli di soia

Lumpiang Toge in the food context refers to a Filipino dish consisting of spring rolls filled with mung bean sprouts (toge) and other vegetables, and sometimes meat, wrapped in a thin pastry skin and deep-fried until crispy. The filling often includes a mix of carrots, cabbage, and sometimes tofu or ground meat, seasoned with garlic, onions, and soy sauce or fish sauce for added flavor. Lumpiang Toge is a popular street food and snack in the Philippines, known for its crunchy texture and savory taste, often served with a vinegar-based dipping sauce or a sweet and spicy sauce.

Deutsch: Lumpiang Shanghai / Español: Lumpiang Shanghai / Português: Lumpiang Shanghai / Français: Lumpiang Shanghai / Italiano: Lumpiang Shanghai

Lumpiang Shanghai in the food context refers to a popular Filipino dish consisting of thin, spring roll wrappers filled with a mixture of ground meat (usually pork, but sometimes beef or chicken), minced vegetables (like carrots and onions), and seasonings. These rolls are tightly wrapped into small logs, then deep-fried until golden brown and crispy. Lumpiang Shanghai is known for its savory flavor, often enhanced with ingredients such as soy sauce, garlic, and black pepper, and served with a sweet and sour dipping sauce or vinegar-based sauce.