Deutsch: Zackenbarsch / Español: Mero / Português: Garoupa / Français: Mérou / Italiano: Cernia

Grouper refers to a variety of fish species that are part of the subfamily Epinephelinae. Groupers are widely appreciated in culinary contexts around the world for their mild, sweet flavor and firm texture, which makes them suitable for various types of cooking methods.


Groupers are typically large fish with stout bodies and wide mouths, primarily found in warm seas. They are bottom dwellers and are often associated with reefs. The meat of the grouper is white and flaky but remains firm even after cooking, making it particularly valued in kitchens both for home cooking and in restaurants.

Application Areas

Grouper is versatile in the kitchen and can be prepared using a variety of methods:

  • Grilled Grouper: The firm texture of grouper makes it ideal for grilling, often served with a wedge of lemon or a drizzle of garlic butter.
  • Fried Grouper: Popular in Southern American cuisine, particularly as the star ingredient in fish and chips.
  • Baked Grouper: Can be baked with herbs and a coating of breadcrumbs or nuts for a nutritious meal.
  • In Soups and Stews: Such as in the classic Caribbean dish, grouper soup, which is spicy and aromatic.

Well-Known Examples

Some well-loved grouper recipes include:

  • Grouper Piccata: An Italian-inspired dish featuring grouper fillets sautéed and then cooked with lemon juice, butter, and capers.
  • Blackened Grouper: A Cajun dish where the fish is coated with spices and then fried or grilled.
  • Grouper Chowder: A hearty, creamy soup made with grouper, potatoes, onions, and celery, often enriched with cream.

Treatment and Risks

Grouper is a healthy seafood option with some considerations:

  • Food Safety: As with all seafood, grouper should be fresh or well-preserved and cooked thoroughly to avoid foodborne illnesses.
  • Sustainability: Some grouper species are overfished, so it's important to choose sources that are sustainably managed.


Here are simple recipes to enjoy grouper:

  • Grilled Grouper with Lemon and Herbs:
    • Ingredients: Grouper fillets, olive oil, garlic, fresh herbs (such as parsley and thyme), lemon zest and juice, salt, and pepper.
    • Method: Marinate the grouper fillets in olive oil, garlic, chopped herbs, lemon zest, and juice. Season with salt and pepper. Grill on medium heat for about 4-5 minutes on each side or until the fish flakes easily with a fork.
  • Simple Grouper Chowder:
    • Ingredients: Grouper fillets, diced potatoes, chopped onions, celery, fish or vegetable broth, cream, butter, salt, and pepper.
    • Method: In a pot, sauté onions and celery in butter until soft. Add potatoes and broth and bring to a boil. Reduce heat, add grouper, and simmer until the potatoes are tender and the fish is cooked through. Stir in cream and season with salt and pepper to taste.

Similar Terms

  • Seafood
  • White fish
  • Snapper
  • Saltwater fish
  • Epinephelinae


Grouper is a popular choice for seafood lovers due to its deliciously mild flavor and versatile texture, ideal for a variety of cooking styles. Whether grilled, fried, baked, or included in hearty soups and stews, grouper offers a delightful taste experience suitable for many dishes.


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