Glossary U

The food glossary +++ Popular Articles: 'Urwarwa', 'Unleavened bread', 'Upma'
Ugu refers to an African leafy vegetable used in soups or stews with a choice of meats, fish and other vegetables such as Egusi. Ugu leaves are often served with pounded yam. Ugu leaves are renowned for been rich in iron and vitamin C, needed for the production of blood and maintaining a good health. Dried ugu leaves are available in some African food shops. This leaf is generally known as pumpkin leaf. The Ibibio's in Nigeria call the leaf Nkong Ubong, Efiks call it Ikong Ubong Igbos named the leaf Ugu, the Ghanaians called it Krobonku and the Sierra Leonians - Gonugbe . This leaf is mostly cultivated in tropical Africa e.g. Ghana and Nigeria as well as in Sri lanka, India, Hong Kong and Malaysia. Anecdotal reports has it hat this is the most nutritious of all African soups. Ugu leaf is believed to be very rich in iron, and has been used, even by doctors to rapidly build up patients blood count within days of ingestion. The fresh leaf is also rich in vitamin C, magnesium and vitamin K, all necessary for strong immunity against diseases, strong bone, heart and optimal functioning of the blood clotting system. The high vegetable content also means high dietary fibre, good for sound bowel function and ideal in a weight control diet. Spinach can be used as an alternative or substitute for Ugu leaves

Urfa Biber (Capsicum annum) refers to a is a sun-dried pepper that originated from Turkey and made into a rich pepper flake. This spice has an earthy, smoky edge that hints at chocolate and tobacco alongside a mild heat giving it a well rounded, complex flavor. Urfa Biber is similar to Aleppo in terms of heat level and it also has a wide range of uses and will enhance most any dish. Moreover, Urfa Biber is a dark reddish-purple color smoky chile pepper from Urfa, Turkey. The chilis are harvested, dried, then ground. The ground pepper provides just a moderate amount of heat and is used with meats and salads. Urfa Biber is also known as Urfa Chili Flakes, Urfa Pepper or Isot Pepper. Biber is the Turkish word for Pepper.

Udang Sambal Serai Bersantan refers to chili prawns (prawns cooked in chilis) with coconut milk served on top of rice and vegetables on the side. Udang Sambal Serai Bersantan is a seafood specialty of Brunei.

Urdu, an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in Pakistan and India. It is the national language of Pakistan and is closely related to Hindi, though a lot of Urdu vocabulary comes from Persian and Arabic, which is not the case for Hindi.

Ulster Fry refers to Northern Ireland's equivalent of the "English breakfast " which is also heart stopping. Ulster Fry's main ingredients are similar to an English breakfast, however, with a few modifications like the addition of the Irish Soda bread and Potato cake.

Usli Ghee refers to Indian pure clarified butter. In Indian homes, Usli Ghee is very expensive for everday coooking, hence, vegetable shortening also called Ghee is usually used instead of Usli Ghee..

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