Deutsch: Kloß / Español: Albóndiga/ Português: Bolinho/ Français: Boulette/ Italiano: Gnocchi

Dumpling is a versatile and popular dish found in various cuisines around the world. It consists of dough wrapped around a filling or made from dough alone, which is then boiled, steamed, fried, or baked. The fillings and preparation methods vary widely, allowing dumplings to be enjoyed in many different culinary traditions.


Dumplings are a fundamental part of many culinary traditions, each culture bringing its unique twist to the basic concept. The dough, which can be made from wheat flour, rice flour, or potatoes, among other ingredients, is typically wrapped around a filling that can include meat, vegetables, cheese, or even sweets.

Chinese dumplings (such as jiaozi and baozi) are often filled with a mixture of minced pork, cabbage, and seasonings, then boiled, steamed, or fried. Japanese gyoza are similar but typically have thinner wrappers and are pan-fried. Polish pierogi are filled with ingredients like mashed potatoes, cheese, or fruit, then boiled and sometimes fried. Italian gnocchi are small, soft dumplings usually made from potatoes and served with various sauces.

The history of dumplings is rich and varied. In China, dumplings have been enjoyed for over 1,800 years and are traditionally eaten during the Chinese New Year to symbolize wealth. In Europe, dumplings have been a staple for centuries, often serving as a hearty, filling meal for peasants and royalty alike.

Dumplings' versatility makes them an essential dish in many cultures. They can be served as appetizers, main courses, or desserts, depending on their preparation and ingredients. In many cuisines, dumplings are also associated with comfort food and are often made during special occasions or family gatherings.


In some cultures, dumplings are more than just food; they carry cultural significance. For example, in China, making and eating dumplings during the Lunar New Year is a family activity that symbolizes reunion and prosperity. Similarly, in some Eastern European countries, dumplings are made during Christmas and other significant holidays, emphasizing their role in cultural traditions.

Application Areas

Dumplings can be found in a variety of culinary contexts, including:

  • Asian Cuisine: Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese dumplings, such as wontons, gyoza, mandu, and banh bot loc.
  • European Cuisine: Polish pierogi, Italian gnocchi, German knödel, and Russian pelmeni.
  • Latin American Cuisine: Empanadas and tamales, which, while not always considered traditional dumplings, share similarities in concept.
  • African Cuisine: Dishes like South African dombolo, a type of steamed bread dumpling.

Well-Known Examples

  • Jiaozi (China): Dumplings filled with ground meat and vegetables, commonly served during the Lunar New Year.
  • Gyoza (Japan): Pan-fried dumplings with a thin wrapper, typically filled with pork and cabbage.
  • Pierogi (Poland): Dough filled with potatoes, cheese, or fruit, boiled, and sometimes fried.
  • Momo (Nepal/Tibet): Steamed or fried dumplings filled with meat or vegetables.
  • Gnocchi (Italy): Soft dumplings made from potatoes, often served with tomato sauce or pesto.

Treatment and Risks

When preparing and consuming dumplings, there are a few risks to be aware of. Food safety is crucial, especially when dealing with raw meat fillings. Ensuring that dumplings are cooked thoroughly is essential to prevent foodborne illnesses. Additionally, dumplings can be high in carbohydrates and fats, depending on the dough and fillings used, so they should be consumed in moderation as part of a balanced diet.


Classic Pork Dumplings (Chinese Jiaozi)


  • 300g ground pork
  • 1 cup finely chopped cabbage
  • 2 green onions, chopped
  • 1 tablespoon soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon sesame oil
  • 1 teaspoon minced ginger
  • 1 pack of dumpling wrappers


  1. In a large bowl, combine the ground pork, cabbage, green onions, soy sauce, sesame oil, and minced ginger. Mix well.
  2. Place a spoonful of the filling in the center of each dumpling wrapper.
  3. Wet the edges of the wrapper with water, fold, and seal tightly.
  4. Boil water in a large pot. Add the dumplings and cook until they float to the surface, about 5-7 minutes.
  5. Serve hot with soy sauce or your favorite dipping sauce.

Similar Terms

  • Wonton: A type of Chinese dumpling commonly served in soup.
  • Empanada: A Spanish or Latin American pastry filled with meat or other ingredients, often baked or fried.
  • Tamale: A traditional Mesoamerican dish made of masa (dough) steamed in a corn husk or banana leaf, often with a meat or vegetable filling.

Articles with 'Dumpling' in the title

  • Northern Flitting Dumpling: Northern Flitting Dumpling refers to one of English desserts made of dates, walnuts, and syrup mixed with other ingredients and made into a pudding that is easily sliced and carried along when you're "flitting" from place to place


Dumplings are a beloved dish across many cultures, known for their versatility and rich history. From Chinese jiaozi to Italian gnocchi, dumplings are enjoyed in various forms worldwide. They can be filled with a wide range of ingredients and prepared using different cooking methods, making them a staple in both everyday meals and special celebrations. While delicious, it is important to handle and cook dumplings properly to ensure food safety.


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