Glossary Y

The food glossary +++ 'Yufka', 'Yusi', 'Yuca con Chicharrón'
Yatsuhashi is a famous Kyoto sweet. It was named after Kengyo Yatsuhashi, a well-known Koto player and composer of Koto music. The Koto is a long, 13-stringed instrument that is plucked like a harp or a guitar. In 1689, four years after Yatsuhashi died at age 72, a sweet that was shaped like a Koto was named after him called "Yatsuhashi", and began to be sold on the approach to Shogoin Shrine. Soon after, the sweets began to be called "Shogoin Yatsuhashi". The main shop that made these confections was Genkaku-dou. “Gen” means “black,” and it was also used as a common name for Konkaikoumyou-ji Temple, which Kyoto people also referred to as “Kurodani-san” (“black valley”). “Kaku” means crane, and the cry of the crane is similar to the sound of a Koto. This store has been in business for over 300 years. Around 1905, Yatsuhashi became a popular Kyoto souvenir among Japanese visitors to Kyoto. At that time, vendors stood outside Kyoto Station and sold packages of Yatsuhashi. There are two types of yatsuhashi: baked and unbaked. Generally, most people think of yatsuhashi as baked. Unbaked yatsuhashi is called “hijiri.” The ingredients used to make baked yatsuhashi are only pounded rice with a little bit of cinnamon and sugar added for flavor. Baked yatsuhashi has been around since 1689 and is like a crisp cracker. Now it is made by machine, but until 1970 it was handmade and baked on a hot plate. During WW II, yatsuhashi couldn’t be made because of the scarcity of rice. Hijiri, or unbaked yatsuhashi, began to be sold around 1960. To make this kind of yatsuhashi, rice flour is kneaded with hot water and steam; it is then mixed with sugar, cinnamon, and sometimes poppy seeds and finely rolled out flat. It is then cut into 8cm x 8cm squares and soybean flour is sprinkled on both of its sides. Azuki red bean jam is placed inside, and then the hijiri is folded over to form a triangle. These days three new flavors have been added to the traditional taste of zuki red bean jam: macha (powdered green tea), strawberry, and peach. You should try to eat these varieties at one serving! Yatsuhashi will keep for three months, but unbaked yatsuhashi will keep for only a week unopened. You can buy yatsuhashi in at some stores in Kyoto, also at Kyoto Station, JR Osaka Station, Kansai International Airport, and Itami Airport.

- Yokan (Yohkan) : Yokan is a traditional Japanese sweet. It is a sweet jellied red beans paste. Yokan is often made from red beans, agar-agar and sugar and sold on block form. It is generally sliced before serving. Eaten with green tea.

Yakuzen Ryori refers to a healthy cuisine that originated in China. Fresh vegetables produced in Nara, including some that were first brought here from ancient China, are cooked with Japanese herbs and seasonings to create delicious food. Not only is it tasty, Yakuzen Ryori is also good for enhancing the immune system to keep you in good health. In Nara Prefecture, one can try both traditional as well as fusion style dishes .

Yuzu citron refers to Japanese citrus fruit which is primarily cultivated in the Naka river basin region in Tokushima Prefecture. The fresh and tart juice is used as a seasoning, and finely chopped peel not the flesh is added to garnish Japanese-style soups such as Yuzu Miso . Yuzu has a distinctive scent. To use Yuzu, peel it very thinly. Add ground Yuzu peel and juice to Miso to create Yuzu Miso. Kabosu, sudachi is simular to yuzu but green in color. In winter, many Japanese add a few yuzu to bath water for it's citric aroma boost.

Yuca con Chicharrón refers to one of the popular foods in Honduras which is made of Yuca served with  raw cabbage with lemon, then topped with Chicharrones, tomato hot sauce and Mojo, made with a mixture of oil, garlic, onion, spices such as oregano and bitter orange or lime juice. Yuca con Chicharrón consists of boiled pieces of yucca root mixed with raw cabbage and served with pork skin deep fried until it is crispy

Yuca con Chicharrón is side dish that is usually served with soups, Tamales, or Carneada (roasted meat). It can also be served as an appetizer.

Yaguar Locro refers to an Ecuadorian  potato soup made with sprinklings of cow blood.