Glossary G

Gothambu/Gothumbu Puttu refers to one of the popular breakfast food in Kerala, India, steamed broken/cracked wheat cake made of grated coconut, jaggery and craked/broken wheat

Wheat is called Gothambu in Malayalam 

Puttu or steamed rice cake is a South Indian delicacy served for breakfast along with either sweet or savory curries. Traditionally, Puttu is made with rice flour, but lately,  Puttu is already being made being made with other ingredients like Oats, Semolina (Rava), wheat flour, Ragi or millet flour, brown rice flour, and many others.

Below is a picture of Gothambu/Gothumbu Puttu which used Gothambu flour dough instead of the usual and traditional rice flour dough

Puttu is cylindrical in shape and is made traditionally  of rice flour and coconut. This rice flour dough is layered with grated coconut and steamed in a hollow bamboo or Puttu maker called "Puttu chemb" or Putti Kutti, a steamer which is cylindrical in shape. It is usually eaten with sugar or with mashed ripe or steamed bananas or with a spicy curry made of Kadala . Usually, the main sidedish served along with Puttu is Kadala Curry. This is often served for both breakfast and evening tea.

Below is a picture of the Puttu-maker, Puttu Kutti in Malayalam

 

Gothambu/Gothumbu Chappati also called Gothambu/Gothumbu Roti refers to flat bread from Kerala, India made from Wheat or Wheat flour (Gothambu Mavu).

Gothambu/Gothumbu is the Malayalam word for Wheat and Chappati/Roti refers to Indian flat bread which is known all over the world.

Below is a picture of Gothambu/Gothumbu Chappati/Roti

Gothambu/Gothumbu Nurukku Payasam also called Gothambu/Gothumbu Ari Payasam is Cracked/broken Wheat Pudding which is one of the desserts or snacks from Kerala, India

Gothambu/Gothumbu Nurukku Payasam is made from Cracked/Broken Wheat, Ghee , Milk and Jaggery, spiced with Cardamom Powder. Exceptional ingredients are Raisins and Cashew Nuts. However, most housewives who cook any kind of Payasam always add Cashew Nuts, especially when it is cooked for special occassions, like Onam and birthday celebrations.

Picture below is one of the several varieties of Payasam which I was served in Allepey, Kerala, India. 

Gothambu Unda refer to sweet balls from Kerala, India made from Wheat, ghee , jaggery, Cardamom and grated fresh coconut then formed into balls and steamed. Gothambu Unda is literally translated as "wheat ball"

Gothambu and Unda are Malayalam words for Wheat and Ball, respectively

 

It is said that Gothambu Unda have been famous in Kerala as the standard prison food. Nowadays, people from Kerala used Gothambu to make various dishes and sweets for snacks.

Gothambu is also spelled Gothumbu.  

Below is a picture of the Gothambu Unda made by a family friend from Allepey, Kerala, India using Cracked/Broken Wheat called Gothambu Nurukku or Gothambu Ari in Malayalam, the language of spoken in the state of Kerala.

 

 

 

 

 

Ginisang Upo refers to  sauteed Bottle Gourd in English. Upo is sliced into small cubes and sauteed  with onions and garlic,  and sometimes with a bit of ground pork or small pieces of shrimps. Sometimes, housewives also saute Upo with canned sardines. Upo can also be sauteed plain with just chopped onions and garlic and it will still taste good.  

Ginisa means saute in the Philippines using onions (sibuyas), garlic (bawang), tomatoes (kamatis) and/or ginger (luya). Ginger is especially used by some cookes in the Philippines when cooking fish or chicken to remove the fishy taste. 

Almost all kinds of vegetables are used in the Philippines for Ginisa or sauteed dishes, such as Eggplant (Talong), Ampalaya (Bitter gourd), Sitaw (snake beans), Kalabas (Squash/Pumpkin), and many more.

In small food shops and food stalls along the streets in the Philippines called Karinderia or Turo-Turo ,  Ginisang Upo and other sauteed vegetables are always a part of the many dishes being offered most especially for lunch.  These Sauteed vegetables are sold cheap for the masses who want cheap and affordable, but nutrious foods 

Below are pictures of Ginisang Upo sold in a small food shop (Karinderia)in the Philippines during lunchtime. 

 

 

 

Gatas is a Filipino word for Milk.

There are several kinds/varieties of Gatas in the Philippines, the fresh one which is available only in some rural Areas is called Gatas ng Kalabaw (fresh milk of Carabao, a Kind of buffalo in the Philippines), Gatas na Malapot refers to Condensed Milk which we used often for making Sweets/Desserts like Leche Flan and Gatas na Malabnaw which we call in the Country Evaporated Milk. Condensed Milk an Evaporated Milk are both available in all food markets in the country including Powdered Milk for cooking (Polvoron)  and for feeding the babies (Baby Formula available of different brands).