Glossary G

The food glossary +++ Popular Articles: 'Ginisa', 'Garlic', 'Ginger'

Gothambu/Gothumbu Nurukku Payasam also called Gothambu/Gothumbu Ari Payasam is Cracked/broken Wheat Pudding which is one of the desserts or snacks from Kerala, India

Gothambu/Gothumbu Nurukku Payasam is made from Cracked/Broken Wheat, Ghee, Milk and Jaggery, spiced with Cardamom Powder. Exceptional ingredients are Raisins and Cashew Nuts. However, most housewives who cook any kind of Payasam always add Cashew Nuts, especially when it is cooked for special occassions, like Onam and birthday celebrations.

Picture below is one of the several varieties of Payasam which I was served in Allepey, Kerala, India.

English: Broken wheat ball / Deutsch: Weizenkugel / Español: Bolita de trigo partido / Português: Bolinha de trigo partido / Français: Boule de blé cassé / Italiano: Pallina di grano spezzato /

Gothambu Unda refer to sweet balls from Kerala, India made from Wheat, ghee, jaggery, Cardamom and grated fresh coconut then formed into balls and steamed. Gothambu Unda is literally translated as "wheat ball"

Gothambu and Unda are Malayalam words for Wheat and Ball, respectively

It is said that Gothambu Unda have been famous in Kerala as the standard prison food. Nowadays, people from Kerala used Gothambu to make various dishes and sweets for snacks.

Gothambu is also spelled Gothumbu.

Below is a picture of the Gothambu Unda made by a family friend from Allepey, Kerala, India using Cracked/Broken Wheat called Gothambu Nurukku or Gothambu Ari in Malayalam, the language of spoken in the state of Kerala.

English: Sautéed Upo / Deutsch: Gebratener Upo / Español: Upo salteado / Português: Upo refogado / Français: Upo sauté / Italiano: Upo saltato /

Ginisang Upo refers to sauteed Bottle Gourd in English. Upo is sliced into small cubes and sauteed with onions and garlic, and sometimes with a bit of ground pork or small pieces of shrimps. Sometimes, housewives also saute Upo with canned sardines. Upo can also be sauteed plain with just chopped onions and garlic and it will still taste good.

Ginisa means saute in the Philippines using onions (sibuyas), garlic (bawang), tomatoes (kamatis) and/or ginger (luya). Ginger is especially used by some cookes in the Philippines when cooking fish or chicken to remove the fishy taste.

Almost all kinds of vegetables are used in the Philippines for Ginisa or sauteed dishes, such as Eggplant (Talong), Ampalaya (Bitter gourd), Sitaw (snake beans), Kalabas (Squash/Pumpkin), and many more.

In small food shops and food stalls along the streets in the Philippines called Karinderia or Turo-Turo, Ginisang Upo and other sauteed vegetables are always a part of the many dishes being offered most especially for lunch. These Sauteed vegetables are sold cheap for the masses who want cheap and affordable, but nutrious foods

Below are pictures of Ginisang Upo sold in a small food shop (Karinderia)in the Philippines during lunchtime.

Deutsch: Soße / Español: Salsa / Português: Molho / Français: Sauce / Italiano: Sugo

Gravy is a sauce made from the juices of meats that run naturally during cooking, often thickened with flour or cornstarch for added texture. It is a staple in various cuisines, typically served with meats, potatoes, rice, and other side dishes to enhance their flavor and moisture.

Deutsch: Glasur / Español: Glaseado / Português: Glacê / Français: Glaçage / Italiano: Glassa

Glace is a culinary term that refers to a sweet or savory substance used to coat or decorate food. In its various forms, glace can be a glossy coating, a reduction of stock, or even frozen desserts. It is commonly used to add flavor, texture, and visual appeal to dishes.

Deutsch: Ginseng / Español: Ginseng / Português: Ginseng / Français: Ginseng / Italiano: Ginseng

Ginseng is a popular herb known for its medicinal properties and is often used as an ingredient in food and beverages. The root of the plant is the most commonly used part, and it is valued for its potential health benefits, including boosting energy levels, improving cognitive function, and enhancing overall wellness.


Ginseng has been used for centuries in traditional medicine, particularly in Asian cultures, where it is considered a powerful adaptogen. Adaptogens are natural substances that help the body adapt to stress and promote balance in bodily functions. In the context of food, ginseng is used to add both flavor and nutritional value to various dishes and drinks.

There are different types of ginseng, with the most common being Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng) and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius). Asian ginseng is typically more stimulating, while American ginseng is known for its calming effects. Ginseng can be consumed in various forms, such as fresh or dried root, powdered supplements, teas, and extracts.

Historically, ginseng was used as a tonic to increase vitality and treat various ailments. In modern times, it is incorporated into energy drinks, herbal teas, soups, and even desserts. Its slightly bitter and earthy flavor makes it a unique addition to both sweet and savory recipes.

Application Areas

Ginseng is used in a variety of culinary applications, including:

  • Teas and Beverages: Ginseng tea is a popular drink that is believed to provide a gentle energy boost and improve focus. It is often combined with other herbs for added flavor and benefits.
  • Soups and Broths: Ginseng is commonly added to soups and broths, especially in Asian cuisine, to enhance flavor and provide health benefits.
  • Supplements and Functional Foods: Ginseng is included in many health supplements and functional foods designed to improve energy levels, immune function, and overall health.
  • Confectionery: Some candies and chocolates include ginseng as a unique ingredient to combine its health benefits with a sweet treat.
  • Cooking: Ginseng can be used as a spice or flavoring in various dishes, ranging from rice and noodles to meat and vegetable dishes.

Well-Known Examples

  • Korean Ginseng Chicken Soup (Samgyetang): A traditional Korean dish made with a whole chicken stuffed with ginseng, garlic, and rice, believed to boost energy and immunity.
  • Ginseng Tea: A common herbal tea made from ginseng root, often enjoyed for its calming and energizing effects.
  • Ginseng Extract: Widely available in health food stores, ginseng extract is used in a variety of foods and beverages for its purported health benefits.
  • Ginseng Energy Drinks: Popular in both Western and Eastern markets, these drinks combine ginseng with other ingredients like caffeine and vitamins to provide an energy boost.

Treatment and Risks

While ginseng is generally considered safe when consumed in moderate amounts, excessive intake can lead to side effects such as headaches, sleep disturbances, and digestive issues. People with certain conditions, such as high blood pressure or diabetes, should consult a healthcare provider before using ginseng, as it can interact with medications and other treatments.

Similar Terms

  • Eleuthero (Siberian Ginseng): Another adaptogenic herb, often confused with true ginseng but belongs to a different plant genus.
  • Ashwagandha: An adaptogen used in Ayurvedic medicine, known for its stress-relieving properties.
  • Rhodiola: An adaptogen that is often used to combat fatigue and improve mental performance.


Ginseng is a versatile herb widely used in the food industry for its flavor and health benefits. From traditional soups and teas to modern energy drinks, ginseng continues to be a valued ingredient for promoting wellness. While generally safe, it should be consumed responsibly, especially by individuals with pre-existing health conditions.


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