Glossary K

The food glossary +++ 'Kalkag', 'Kamias', 'Kakang Gata'

Kozhuva Achar/Achaar  is the Malayalam word for Pickled Anchovies. One of the many seafood Pickles being prepared in Kerala, India. To cook, Kozhuva Achar, fresh Kozhuva is needed, they are cleaned by removing the head and guts then like all other Achar, they are cooked with lots of spices, Onions, Garlic, Ginger, Vinegar, Salt and of course Curry Leaves . (Please see related artcile on Achar for different spices used for cooking Achar)

Kozhuva is the Malayalam word for Anchovies. This fish is also called Natholi or Netholi, hence Kozhuva Achar is also called  Natholi or Netholi Achar.

Below are pictures how Malayalee housewives prepare Kozhuva Achar and the finished product. Seafood Pickles (Kozhuva, Kakka Erachi, Tuna Achar) are my favorite Pickles from Allepey, Kerala, India

This is my second family in Allepey, Kerala, India preparing to cook Kozhuva Achar for me. Aunt Lily is cleaning the fresh Kozhuva while Gracy is cutting the red Onions and peeling the Garlic.

Aunt Lily patienly cleans the fresh Kozhuva, one by one to remove its head and guts to cook a delicious Kozhuva Achar. I leave a piece of my heart in Allepey because of what these ladies did for me

Kozhuva being cooked with spices above. 

Below is the finished product, Kozhuva Achar cooked in Kerala's traditional clay pot called Menchatti/Manchatti. Really delicious!


Kakka Erachi Achar is pickles made from the meat or flesh or river Clams. It is an expensive Pickles in Kerala, India since it is seldom that fresh Clam meats are sold in the markets. But there are some shops producing special delicious Kakka Erachi Achar in small plastic containers.  

Kakka Erachi is cooked like any other Achars in Kerala, India. (Please see related article on Achar/Achaar)

Kakka Erachi is also spelled Kaaka Irachi, Kakka Irachi 

I was given twice bottles of Kakka Erachi Achar from Allepey  and both are really delicious and not tasting fishy at all. It is good to eat it with hot rice and the more spicy it is the more it taste good. Im blessed to have a second family in Allepey, Kerala, India, I got to taste these special dishes even I am far away from them, below, I am sharing you my Kakka Erachi from Allepey. One day, I hope, I can taste them again. 


Kadu Manga/Kadumanga Achar/Achaar is the Malayalam term for mango pickles made with cubes of fresh, tender,  unripe mangoes made into a pickle by cooking the mangoes with lots of spices, such as Kadugu (Black Mustard seeds), red chili powder, Turmeric, Kaluva Podi ( Fenugreek powder), Kaayam Podi (Asafoetida powder), Vinegar and Curry leaves .

Kadu Manga  or Kadumanga Achar is also called Manga Achar or Uppillittuthu in Malayalam, the language spoken in Kerala. 

Ready-made Pickling or Pickle Powder is also available in almost foodshops in Kerala. It is made from various spices and it is only needed to be added to the food to be pickled. This is the one which was recommended to me by my family friend to cook my own pickle when I go back to Germany.

I love all pickles served to me while I was in Allepey, Kerala, but my favorite is Kadu Manga Achar. It will always bring back happy memories, since it is one foods served to me on my first lunch with my second family in Allepey.

This is my very own version of Kadu Manga Achar using the Pickle powder I brought home from Allepey, Kerala, India and the Philippines variety of Raw /green Mango.

Kappioka/Kappiokka/Kappa Varuthath/Varuthathu refers to Indian savory snacks made from Cassava. They are formed like noodles and flavored with different spices, such as Masala powder and Curry leaves . They are also cooked as sweet snacks by adding sugar or Jaggery to the noodle-like snacks. They are deep-fried in Coconut Oil that make these snacks more delicious and tasty.

Noodle-like sweet and savory snacks are popular in India. They are also added to a savory mixture of nuts and Sev called "Mixture" in Kerala, India.

Kappioka/Kappiokka/Kappa Varuthath/Varuthathu simply means fried Cassava in different types and forms, like this noodle-shaped snacks

Here are the pictures of 2 kinds of Kappioka/Kappa Varuthath/Varuthathu which were one of the many sweet and savory snacks sold during Christmas midnight masses held in many churches in Kerala, India.

This is the sweet version of Kappa Varithathu
This is the sweet version of Kappa Varuthathu above with green coloring
The savory version of Kappa Varithathu flavored with Masala called Masala Kappa/Kappiokka Varithathu
The savory version of Kappa Varuthathu flavored with Masala called Masala Kappa/Kappioka Varuthathu

- Kozhikodan Halwa / Halva :

Kozhikodan Halwa also spelled Halva are  sweets from Kozhikode or Calicut, Kerala, India where the most special and delicious Halwas are made in the state of Kerala. 

There is a street in Kozhikode named SM Street , Sweet Meat Street called Mithai Theruvu in Malayalam, the name given by European traders because of the many shops lined up on the streets  selling Kozhikodan Halwa which they called as Sweet Meat .

In the past, this historic street was the busiest shopping and commercial center at the heart of Kozhikode and today the street is still busy with many shops that sell anything and everything including the famed Halwa, Banana Chips (Upperi) and other.

Below is a picture of Kozhikodan Halwa/Halva from Kozhikode (Calicut), Kerala, India. I was blessed to have tasted these different flavors of Halwa from this historic street. Very delicious. I will never get tired eating Halwa, my favorite is always the black one, which I have tasted in Allepey, Kerala, India during a festival .

Kozhikodan Halwa/Halva from Kozhikode (Calicut), Kerala, India

Katti Chappati also called Kathi Rolls is a  food from South India made of Chappati which are wrapped various fillings then rolled, the most common choices of stuffings are potatoes, chicken and lamb cooked in assorted spices and curry leaves

In these pictures below, Chappati is being prepared to make Katti Chappati. It is one of the street foods being sold in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India during the daily  night food market in one of the busy streets of saif city.

The street vendor is operating his  Thattukada, which is a roadside or street eatery, fast food outlet or hawker food.

Some mobile or rolling Thattukada are mostly operating only in the night in Allepey Beach in Allepey, Kerala.


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