Deutsch: Rindfleisch / Español: Res / Português: Carne de boi / Français: Viande de bœuf / Italiano: Carne bovina

Res in the food context refers to beef, the culinary name for meat from cattle, particularly domesticated bovines. It is a staple protein source in many cultures worldwide and is consumed in a variety of dishes, from steaks and roasts to ground beef used in burgers, meatballs, and sauces. Beef is valued for its richness in flavor, versatility in cooking, and nutritional content, including high-quality protein, iron, and B vitamins.


Image demonstrating Res in the food context

Beef plays a central role in various culinary traditions, offering a wide range of textures and flavors depending on the cut and cooking method. The classification of beef cuts can vary by country, but generally includes sections like the rib, chuck, loin, round, and brisket, each lending itself to different preparations and recipes. Beef can be cooked using several methods, including grilling, roasting, braising, and stewing, making it adaptable to numerous cuisines and dietary preferences.

The consumption of beef has cultural, economic, and environmental implications. It is a symbol of prosperity in some cultures due to its relatively high cost compared to other meats. Economically, the beef industry is a significant sector in agriculture, contributing to the livelihoods of millions of people involved in farming, processing, and distribution. Environmentally, beef production is under scrutiny for its water usage, contribution to deforestation, and greenhouse gas emissions, leading to discussions about sustainable and ethical meat consumption.

Application Areas

Beef is a versatile ingredient that appears in countless dishes across various cuisines:

  • Steaks and Roasts: Celebrated in Western cuisines for their simplicity and depth of flavor, often cooked to varying degrees of doneness.
  • Stews and Braises: Common in many cultures, beef is slow-cooked with vegetables and spices, creating rich, comforting dishes like French beef bourguignon or Hungarian goulash.
  • Ground Beef: Used in everyday dishes such as Italian spaghetti bolognese, American hamburgers, and Middle Eastern koftas.

Well-Known Examples

Some internationally known beef dishes include:

  • Argentinian Asado: A barbecue tradition featuring various cuts of beef.
  • Japanese Wagyu: Known for its marbling and tenderness, Wagyu beef is a luxury item in gastronomy.
  • American Barbecue: Featuring slow-cooked beef brisket with a distinctive smoky flavor.

Treatment and Risks

Consuming beef provides essential nutrients, including high-quality protein, iron, zinc, and vitamins B12 and B6. However, dietary guidelines recommend moderation in red meat intake due to associations with increased risk of heart disease and certain cancers when consumed in high amounts. The choice of lean cuts and healthier cooking methods can mitigate some health risks.

Similar Terms or Synonyms

  • Carne de bovino: A more general term for bovine meat, encompassing all cattle, including cows, bulls, and calves.
  • Carne de vaca: Specifically refers to meat from a cow.


Res, or beef, is a key component of many diets and cuisines around the world, appreciated for its flavor, nutritional value, and versatility. While it remains a popular choice for many, the environmental and health aspects of beef consumption are leading to increased interest in sustainable farming practices and moderated consumption levels to balance dietary preferences with health and environmental considerations.